Floating Solar Power Plants – A Pandora’s Box Of Potential Challenges

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Having canvassed options across agricultural land, occupying waste lands, and also laying siege on rooftops of residential and commercial properties, the growing market for solar power infrastructure has found anchor in water bodies, to set up Floating Solar Photovoltaic Plants (“FSPV Plants”). While conceptually FSPVs are not defined as a separate category of renewable plants, its reference and recognition can be found in the terms and conditions for tariff determination from renewable energy sources regulations 2020 issued by the CERC which states that FSPV Plants shall mean a solar PV power project where the arrays of photovoltaic panels on a structure of the project float on top of a body of water, such as artificial basin or lake, with the help of floater, anchoring and mooring system.

With the newly generated interest in the FSPVs form the market, there are a few potential issues and challenges which could cripple the fast movement in the segment, as follows:

Limited Scope of Expansion

After facing the on-ground challenges of land acquisition, land conversion and the constant depletion of the limited available carpet areas for ground-mounted solar power plants, the industry has found new interest in inland water bodies, for setting up of solar power plants, by way of FSPV Plants. However, much like limited land space, the FSPV is staring down the inevitable limitation of finding artificial water bodies like reservoirs and dams, unless technological advancement makes FSPV Plants immune to the rigor of offshore waters.

Transmission Infrastructure…

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