Japan’s Revised Corporate Governance Code
On June 11, 2021, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. (“TSE”) released the latest revision to Japan’s Corporate
Governance Code (the “Code”).1 The Code was put together in 2015 and first revised in 2018. It establishes the fundamental principles for effective corporate governance at listed companies in Japan.
The recent second revision of the Code aims to advance governance reforms to promote the continuous growth of companies and increase their corporate value over the mid- to long-term in light of the changing environment surrounding business firms triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
As a prerequisite knowledge to understanding the above revision of the Code, it is necessary to mention the upcoming restructuring of the cash equity market. TSE is planning to restructure the cash equity market from April 4, 2022 by reorganizing the current five market segments, namely, the First Section, Second Section, Mothers, and JASDAQ (Standard and Growth), into three new market segments, namely, Prime, Standard and Growth.2 The Code has been revised, in part, to set a
higher standard for companies to be listed on the Prime Market. The Prime Market will be a market for companies whose market capitalization (liquidity) is large enough (at least JPY 10 billion) to attract investments from many institutional investors. They must have a high quality of corporate governance as well as a commitment to sustainable growth and mid- to long-term improvement of their corporate value with a focus on constructive dialogues with investors.
B. Overview of the Revision of the Code
The main points of the revisions to the Code are shown in the table below. The revision addresses issues concerning enhancing board independence, promoting diversity, and attention to sustainability and environmental, social and governance (“ESG”). In addition, it addresses the terms related to (a) group governance, (b) ensuring confidence in audits, internal control and risk management, (c) matters related to general shareholders’ meetings, and (d) business portfolio management. Notably, the use of electronic voting platforms and disclosures in English are being
promoted for Prime Market listed companies.
The Code will continue to adopt a “comply or explain” approach in light of the fact that the optimal governance system from the perspective of promoting the continuous growth of companies and increasing their corporate value over the mid- to long-term varies depending on their respective circumstances.
C. Implementation of the Revised Code
Companies are required to submit their corporate governance reports5 reflecting the revised Code by
December this year. In this regard, TSE will implement its new market segmentation from April 4, 2022. Some of the principles and supplementary principles of the revised Code will apply only to companies listed on the Prime Market, while others will apply to companies listed on other markets, or to all listed companies. The status of implementation of the principles and supplementary principles that are applicable only to Prime Market listed companies must be included in their
corporate governance reports, which must be submitted without delay after the holding of their general shareholders’ meetings on or after April 4, 2022.
From the perspective of enhancing constructive dialogues between institutional investors and companies, it would be beneficial for companies to proactively explain their own specific initiatives in conjunction with their implementation of each applicable principle of the Code.
Lastly, depending on their situation, it would also be desirable for companies listed on other markets to take voluntary initiatives to improve their governance by using as a reference the items of the Code that apply to Prime Market listed companies.
It is hoped that the investors and directors of listed companies, including the independent directors, will work together to address various social issues while realizing sustainable growth and mid- to long-term improvement of their corporate value.
Yuzo Ogata/ email@example.com
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